• Western Nevada Faculty Basis’s Golf for Schooling set
    College Guidance and Counseling

    Western Nevada Faculty Basis’s Golf for Schooling set

    Western Nevada Faculty Basis’s Golf for Schooling set

    Carson Metropolis Toyota’s crew took first within the Golf for Schooling match in 2021.

    Greater than 20 years of offering a fun-filled occasion has made the Western Nevada Faculty Basis’s Golf for Schooling Match one that may’t be missed.
    The twenty third version of Golf for Schooling is ready for 9 a.m. on Friday, Sept. 30 at Toiyabe Golf Membership in Washoe Valley.
    The 18-hole occasion supplies companies and golfers the prospect to assist WNC college students pursue levels and certifications, showcase their firm, and the thrill and camaraderie of competing in a crew format.
    The entry price into the scramble match features a gentle breakfast, tee prizes, hole-in-one and lengthy drive prizes, on-course refreshments, raffle prizes, a chance to shoot the golf ball cannon, a barbecue, an awards ceremony, crew images, and extra. The associated fee is $150 per participant, $550 per four-player crew or $850 for a enterprise crew sponsorship. Lunch for a non-golfing visitor is $30.
    For companies that sponsor a crew, their firm identify will seem on the occasion banner and program, they’ll be acknowledged on the barbecue, they’ll obtain two tee indicators and a spot for a quartet of gamers within the match.
    For data, cellphone 775-445-3240 or go to www.wnc.edu/basis/occasions/golf-for-education/.

    Carson Tahoe Well being’s crew within the Golf for Schooling match in 2021. 


    College students Companies open late Wednesdays in August
    In August, departments in Scholar Companies will stay open into the early night on Wednesdays beginning Aug. 10.
    Admissions and Data, Counseling Companies and Monetary Help Workplace will stay open till 7 p.m. These pupil assist workplaces may even be open till 7 p.m. on Aug. 17, 24 and 31. All of those departments might be represented in Counseling Companies on the primary ground of the Bristlecone Constructing.
    WNC’s common enterprise hours are Monday by means of Friday from 8 a.m. to five p.m.
    College students are reminded to register for lessons earlier than they start Monday, Aug. 29 to make sure that they’ll get their most well-liked lessons.
    New college students can get began by making use of for admission at www.wnc.edu/starthere/. Go to wnc.edu/class-schedule/ for a listing of fall lessons.


    Fall 2022 semester begins Aug. 29
    Fall semester at Western Nevada Faculty is a bit more than a month away so college students ought to make sure that they’ve taken care of their necessities to organize for a profitable 12 months.
    WNC’s number of in-person and on-line lessons offers college students the flexibleness to create a schedule that meets their private wants. Discuss with a schedule of lessons on-line at wnc.edu/class-schedule/ to help you in planning for fall semester.
    Nevertheless, college students don’t have to begin lessons Aug. 29. Greater than 20 accessible programs are labeled as open entry, permitting college students to enroll as late because the ninth week of the semester to finish the course and obtain full credit score. WNC additionally presents short-term and late-start lessons starting in October.
    If you’re planning to attend WNC for the primary time, apply for admission at www.wnc.edu/starthere/. Persevering with college students can register for lessons by means of their myWNC account.
    For data on making use of to Western, cellphone Admissions and Data at 775-445-3277 or e mail [email protected] To obtain steering on a profession or scheduling, contact Counseling Companies at 775-445-3267 or [email protected]

    Enroll in WNC’s Licensed Nursing Assistant course
    Potential Licensed Nursing Assistant college students are requested to enroll early for the (NURS 130) class scheduled for this fall to deal with course necessities. Along with proof of medical insurance and immunizations, college students are required to finish CPR certification beforehand.
    Western Nevada Faculty is providing three periods of the Nursing Assistant class on the Carson Metropolis campus this fall, together with Monday and Tuesday from 8 to 11:45 a.m., Monday and Tuesday from 5 to eight:45 p.m. and Friday from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Every of those periods has room for extra college students.
    The Bureau of Labor Statistics reviews that within the subsequent six years, the demand for CNAs will enhance by not less than 9 %.
    The category prepares college students to operate as nursing assistant trainees who help licensed nurses to offer direct care to well being care customers throughout the lifespan in a wide range of healthcare settings. The 150-hour competency-based course is designed to organize college students to attain certification as a nurse assistant in Nevada.
    For data, go to the WNC Nursing & Allied Well being homepage at wnc.edu/nalh, e mail [email protected] or cellphone 775-445-4425.

    WNC presents navy members credit score towards diploma
    Servicemen and girls could obtain as much as 45 credit from their Joint Companies transcript towards an Affiliate of Normal Research diploma.
    Navy personnel can be taught extra about methods to register at WNC by going to wnc.edu/veterans-resource-center/vet-checklist/.
    To benefit from the navy credit score coverage, navy personnel should submit their official Joint Companies Transcript to the Admissions Workplace at WNC for transcript analysis.
    For data, cellphone 775-445-3277 or e mail [email protected]

  • Faculty of Expertise robotics camp empowers all-female roster
    Coding and Robotics

    Faculty of Expertise robotics camp empowers all-female roster

    July 6, 2022



    Purdue College Northwest’s (PNW) Faculty of Expertise just lately hosted the Robotics Explorer and Journey: All Ladies Summer season Camp, a week-long immersive program in regards to the management and coding of commercial robots for women ages 11-17.

    Contributors, with the steering of Faculty of Expertise college and workers, labored to create a state of affairs, construct a digital actuality robotic, and simulate a robotic performing choose and place purposes.

    “We designed this camp for women solely to encourage them to pursue STEM training and to see how STEM careers will look sooner or later,” says Maged Mikhail, affiliate professor of Mechatronics Engineering Expertise.

    PNW can be an training associate with Packaging Equipment Producers Institute (PMMI), the Affiliation for Packaging and Processing. PMMI is without doubt one of the nationwide sponsors of the Robotics Explorer and Journey camp, working with the camp to include a packaging element. Kate Fiorianti, senior supervisor of Workforce Improvement, spoke to the significance of all-girls STEM camps for fostering younger women’ pursuits and profession targets.

    “It’s important to get to them younger and it’s wonderful what these women can do,” Fiorianti stated.  “Ladies are detail-oriented, however they want the permission. And when it’s an all-girls camp, they really feel extra snug. They’re on the identical degree. They don’t really feel like they must compete in opposition to the boys.”

    Four students circle around a group project

    College students work as a workforce to search out out one of the best technique and resolution for fixing a robotic utility drawback.

    Nancy Wilson, CEO of Morrison Container Dealing with Options, moreover emphasised the necessity for extra girls in STEM careers.

    “There’s loads of knowledge on the market that exhibits that you need to attain women at a really younger age and provides them permission to enter STEM kind fields, and that is a method of doing that’s to present them permission,” says Wilson. “By making it a girls-only unique camp, you’re extra prone to get participation and empower them. We want girls within the workforce, and we want them to develop up and be into it.”

  • On-line programs can assist group faculty college students succeed
    ONLINE COURSES

    On-line programs can assist group faculty college students succeed

    Credit score: Julie Leopo/EdSource

    Whereas California is accustomed to earthquakes and has ready for the Large One for many years, the state was caught off guard by the pandemic quake that shook our state in March 2020. Although the federal government’s response was swift and well-funded, one of many state’s most significant establishments — group faculties — are nonetheless recovering.

    Enrollment in California’s two-year faculties fell by greater than 300,000 the previous two years. A disproportionate quantity who left had been low-income college students of colour. These departures worsened an already low proportion of these college students who earn an AA diploma or profession schooling credential.

    Previous to Covid, the group faculties made progress on completion charges and shutting fairness gaps. A brand new Imaginative and prescient for Success and funding system rewarded faculties that elevated the variety of college students who earned a level or certificates in a well timed method, or improved outcomes for deprived college students and areas of the state with low faculty achievement.

    When the coronavirus shut down in-person courses, nonetheless, California Neighborhood Schools (CCC) had been unwell geared up to adapt to the brand new setting.

    Since 2014, the state offered funding to high schools that supplied on-line courses to college students statewide. By spring 2020, a majority of schools participated, however comparatively few programs had been supplied. The universities and college made a heroic effort to transition instantly to on-line courses, however lack of know-how and preparation induced main disruptions.

    Analysis undertaken early within the pandemic signifies that college students who had been least ready for school struggled with the transition. Some lacked dependable web entry and computer systems. Others merely couldn’t adapt to the unfamiliar on-line format or missed the in-person interactions on campus.

    Two years later, faculties have vastly improved their on-line choices. State and federal investments in broadband for low-income and rural areas are serving to, as effectively. A PPIC research discovered low-income web entry elevated from 60% to 70% in California from Spring 2020 to Spring 2021, however 41% nonetheless lacked full entry to each the web and a tool for academic functions.

    To make sure continued progress, the brand new state and federal funding should be sure that low-income households have broadband entry and the means to pay for web service.

    Extra broadly, the Covid earthquake has completely fractured the panorama of American society. Many center and higher revenue individuals are working from dwelling, whereas others, typically folks of colour, proceed to carry out decrease wage in-person jobs.

    Whereas the sudden transition to on-line schooling was difficult for group faculty college students, it additionally creates new alternatives, particularly for these employed exterior the house. Their work, household obligations or well being points can restrict their potential to go to campus recurrently. The price of youngster care, journey and parking might exacerbate their precarious monetary scenario.

    The truth is, a Fall 2021 survey by the Neighborhood Schools Chancellor’s Workplace discovered that fewer than 1 / 4 of scholars of all ethnicities most popular solely in-person courses. A majority desired hybrid choices and roughly 28 % wished all on-line courses.

    Furthermore, the Chancellor’s Workplace experiences that some older college students have taken extra models since on-line courses grew to become broadly accessible and are finishing their research sooner.

    To speed up this progress, on-line programs have to be participating and simply accessible, with alternatives to work together instantly with professors and college students at school. Counseling and well being providers ought to be modernized to make sure that on-line college students have equal entry.

    The Universities of California and Cal State Universities may be a part of the answer by providing extra on-line levels. Many are at capability and reject certified group faculty graduates. The variety of transfers denied admission to CSU quintupled from 2009 to 2019.

    Even with funding to increase UC and CSU enrollment within the governor’s new funds revision, many group faculty college students preferring to attend a college close to their dwelling can be turned away.

    In the meantime, rivals have swept in, with Western Governors, Arizona State and others providing transfers quick access to respectable on-line bachelor’s diploma applications. Neighborhood faculties welcome establishments that present extra choices for his or her graduates, however California’s universities are lacking a possibility to teach extra college students with out expensive facility investments.

    Extra ominously, for-profit faculties aggressively goal switch college students in California, typically leaving them with important debt and a level of doubtful worth, in the event that they earn a level in any respect.

    Gov. Gavin Newsom’s Could funds revision correctly supplies $125 million in annual funding to enhance the capability of group faculties for on-line instruction, plus $750 million in block grants and $100 million for expertise infrastructure.

    The desk is ready for faculties to capitalize on the present income growth and guarantee college students preferring on-line courses have quick access to the expertise, efficient curriculum and help they should succeed. It’s time to behave now, earlier than the subsequent Large One hits.

    •••

    Tom Epstein is a member and previous president of the California Neighborhood Schools Board of Governors. This commentary displays his private opinion, not the official place of the Board.

    The opinions on this commentary are these of the authors. If you want to submit a commentary, please assessment our pointers and contact us.

    To get extra experiences like this one, click on right here to enroll in EdSource’s no-cost each day e mail on newest developments in schooling.

  • School Advising Corps in North Carolina
    College Guidance and Counseling

    School Advising Corps in North Carolina

    Share this story

    • Inserting current graduates in underserved excessive faculties, @AdvisingCorps in North Carolina seeks to spice up postsecondary entry and attainment among the many state’s highschool college students.
    • “As a near-peer school adviser, I meet one-on-one with college students to information them each step of the best way as they search for a postsecondary match and match — be that neighborhood school, navy service, or a four-year college.” @AdvisingCorps
    School Advising Corps in North Carolina

    Lyric Larson graduated from Caldwell Early School Excessive Faculty final month and is headed to Western Carolina College this fall with the Jack Kent Cooke Basis scholarship in hand. 

    Larson mentioned pursuing a bachelor’s diploma had all the time been a dream of hers, however residing in rural North Carolina with restricted assets and funds created challenges. When it got here time to use for scholarships and faculties, Larson mentioned having the assistance of School Advising Corps (CAC) adviser Selena Kongmany made all of the distinction. Kongmany assisted Larson with purposes, serving to her determine assets and ensuring Larson knew what she wanted to finish each.

    Larson is among the many 1000’s of scholars throughout the nation who obtain help from CAC advisers every year. The nationwide nonprofit locations current school graduates in underserved excessive faculties throughout the nation to assist college students plan and put together for his or her subsequent steps after highschool.

    CAC advisers don’t change highschool school counselors. As a substitute, advisers work along side the advisors on campus – serving to fill the faculty counselor hole. Based on School Advising Corps, nationally the student-to-counselor ratio is 415:1. Meaning many college students have, on common, solely 20 minutes a 12 months with a school counselor. 

    How School Advising Corps works

    School Advising Corps dates again to 2005 when Dr. Nicole Hurd who, on the time, served as dean and director of the Middle for Undergraduate Excellence on the College of Virginia (UVa), began the “School Information” program. With the assistance of the Jack Kent Cooke Basis, this system positioned 14 current UVa graduates in rural Virginia communities to assist low-income, first-generation school college students with the faculty planning and utility course of. 

    This system was a hit, and in 2007, the Jack Kent Cooke Basis, with assist from the Lumina Basis, expanded this system nationally and moved CAC’s headquarters to the College of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

    School Advising Corps’ mission is straightforward: “Improve the variety of low-income, first-generation school, and underrepresented highschool college students who enter and full increased schooling.” 

    Postsecondary attainment is a pathway to financial alternative. The lifetime earnings of somebody with a school schooling are higher than somebody with solely a highschool schooling. Not solely does postsecondary attainment assist transfer households economically, additionally it is linked to raised bodily and psychological well being, relationships, and civic engagement. 

    Hannah, a Caldwell Early School Excessive Faculty graduate, throughout school determination day. Hannah labored with CAC adviser Selena Kongmany. Courtesy of School Advising Corps

    CAC works with associate universities and highschool college students to supply them with personalised steering on school admissions, monetary support, and enrollment.

    Throughout the 2020-2021 faculty 12 months, CAC advisers served greater than 223,000 highschool seniors. That very same 12 months, CAC partnered with 30 universities nationwide and positioned greater than 820 advisers in over 775 excessive faculties in 19 states.

    The group makes use of two program fashions to serve highschool college students – in-school and digital. The in-school mannequin locations educated, current school graduates on highschool campuses. Advisers collaborate with faculty employees to attach with college students, serving to them navigate the faculty admissions course of. This contains assist with FAFSA purposes, SAT/ACT charge waivers, and extra. Advisers present steering along with the present counseling employees at the highschool.

    Digital advisers join with college students through video chat, electronic mail, phone name, and textual content messages.

    The service offered by the advisers is free to the excessive faculties and the scholars and is funded by way of the AmeriCorps program. Advisers encourage highschool college students to discover all postsecondary choices, together with acquiring credentials from two- and four-year establishments, profession pathways, and navy enlistment. They work with college students to develop a listing of selections that match their future targets.  

    School Advising Corps in North Carolina

    North Carolina is predominantly rural. Based on the N.C. Rural Middle, 78 of the state’s 100 counties are thought-about rural. 

    College students and households in these areas usually face distinctive challenges, together with fewer well being care choices, an absence of jobs that supply family-sustaining wages, unreliable transportation, and insufficient broadband web.

    Whereas nationally, highschool commencement charges in rural communities are 4% increased than the nationwide common, college students from rural areas aren’t attending school on the similar price as these in city and suburban areas.

    However low school attendance isn’t just an issue in rural North Carolina. Solely 41% of North Carolinians aged 18-24 are enrolled in a postsecondary establishment, putting the state twenty eighth amongst all states in 2019. 

    To spice up school entry and attainment, CAC locations current school graduates in underserved excessive faculties in rural, suburban, and concrete areas throughout North Carolina.

    CAC has 5 associate universities within the state: Appalachian State College, Duke College, North Carolina State College, College of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and College of North Carolina at Wilmington. Companion universities usually recruit from their very own pool of current graduates to fill adviser positions, although a number of recruit from any North Carolina establishment. 

    A minimum of one adviser is positioned in 72 of the 100 counties. There are at the moment 124 advisers in 140 excessive faculties throughout the state, and that quantity is predicted to develop. Katrina Thompson, Director of North Carolina’s School Advising Corps, mentioned the plan is to be in 73 counties by 2023 with a objective to develop to extra counties by 2024.

    Chelsea Vickers, CAC adviser from UNC-Chapel Hill, helps highschool college students at A.L. Brown Excessive Faculty in Kannapolis. Courtesy of School Advising Corps

    Changing into an adviser in North Carolina

    Kallie Kressly is one in all Appalachian’s School Advising Corps’ advisers and serves a small Ok-12 constitution faculty in Crossnore. Based on a current perspective by Kressly, the vast majority of the scholars on the faculty are full-time residents of the Crossnore Dwelling for Kids and are in custody of the state. Kressly mentioned the scholars she works with usually have opposed circumstances that trigger important limitations to postsecondary entry, planning, and enrollment.

    Like Kressly, North Carolina CAC advisers serve quite a lot of college students who face a number of challenges on the subject of the faculty planning course of. Planning can embody a number of actions from scholarship and school purposes, FAFSA, residency willpower kinds, and extra. The advisers work full-time in high-need excessive faculties for 2 years.

    “As a near-peer school adviser, I meet one-on-one with college students to information them each step of the best way as they search for a postsecondary match and match — be that neighborhood school, navy service, or a four-year college.”

    – Chelsea Vickers, CAC adviser

    North Carolina college companions with School Advising Corps are nonetheless recruiting current school graduates to fill adviser positions. Latest graduates taken with making use of to grow to be a School Advising Corps adviser in North Carolina can go to the CAC-North Carolina recruitment web page. Hyperlinks for job postings at every N.C. college associate might be accessed by way of the recruitment web page.

    Emily Thomas

    Emily Thomas is a coverage analyst for EducationNC.

  • Patton School awarded Arithmetic and Literacy tutoring grant
    Mathematic

    Patton School awarded Arithmetic and Literacy tutoring grant

    Ohio College’s Patton School of Schooling was lately awarded a $592,994 Statewide Arithmetic and Literacy Tutoring Grant for applications in southeast Ohio for the following two educational years beginning this fall.

    Given by the Ohio Division of Schooling in partnership with the Ohio Division of Increased Schooling, the grant might be used for six new or expanded skilled growth faculty partnerships to help excessive dosage, standards-aligned, elementary and/or middle-level literacy and arithmetic tutoring applications.

    Roughly 120 Patton School trainer candidates from the Athens, Japanese, Chillicothe and Lancaster campuses will tutor 2,000 college students with the grant’s assist. Benefiting faculties are:

    • Japanese Native, Ok-5 literacy and arithmetic
    • Bridgeport Elementary, Ok-4 literacy and arithmetic
    • Union Native Elementary, Ok-5 literacy and arithmetic
    • Zane Hint Elementary, Ok-4 literacy and arithmetic
    • Amanda Clearcreek Major, Ok-2 literacy
    • Common Sherman Center, 6-8 literacy

    “This synergistic effort exhibits the Division of Instructor Schooling’s robust dedication to positively impacting pupil studying throughout Ohio College’s sphere of affect and in collaboration with our faculty district companions,” mentioned Danielle Dani, professor and chair of Patton’s Division of Instructor Schooling. “The literacy and arithmetic tutoring work will assist tackle the educational hole imposed by the pandemic and supply future academics genuine and significant alternatives for scientific follow.”  

    College students receiving literacy tutoring will obtain at the very least 65 hours over 30 weeks in Ohio standards-focused periods that make the most of evidence-based methods. Equally, college students will obtain at the very least 50 hours of tutoring in standards-focused arithmetic, relying on the settlement with the partnering faculties.

    The pandemic hit the agricultural faculties in our space laborious with points coping with know-how and digital instructing,” mentioned Debra Dunning, affiliate professor of instruction and program coordinator for the Early Childhood Elementary Schooling and Little one Growth Packages at Ohio College Lancaster, including that it modified the sector of schooling and the method of instructing endlessly. “This grant provides us a chance to achieve college students personally and work with them to not solely construct their expertise, but in addition their confidence and shallowness within the areas of math and studying.”

    The tutoring applications might be evaluated periodically for impression and effectiveness; if they’re discovered to be an efficient mannequin to advance the targets of all stakeholders, Patton and college administration companions will examine establishing earmarked and extra funds to proceed the hassle.

  • College Guidance and Counseling

    Prime College Guidance Counselor

    College Guidance and CounselingWhat truly instigated the study on the influence of guidance and counseling solutions on the academic efficiency of study was due to high level of poor academic performance of students in spite of the quite a few techniques in which they are guided either by their teachers or parents which appears to be brought on by inability of the students to stick to the laid down rules and regulations.

    two. Education and career selection making is crucial for each person. Considering that the early 1970s there has been a developing concern with this issue and numerous criteria have been developed to assist college counselors evaluate their particular intervention strategies. The Need to have for Guidance and Counseling Solutions Right now Far more Than Ever Prior to. They worked with communication methodology but the kurator’s function is more therapeutic, usually psychological and social-emotional issues, and the studie-och yrkesvägledare’s work is future-focused with educational and profession development.

    101 options for college counselors and leaders in difficult times. In substance abuse circumstances counselors emphasize inpatient residential therapy programs in a very structured and protected atmosphere. Guidance counselors assist youngsters deal with difficult troubles, such as domestic violence, substance abuse, and mental health troubles, which can be a very rewarding aspect of the job.

    The schools, neighborhood, and families are requesting assistance in preventing students from getting involved with a lot of difficulties, such as participating in gangs, dropping out of college, becoming a teenage parent, employing drugs, and participating in or becoming victims of acts of violence. Although most families engage our services on a extensive basis, college counseling is obtainable on an hourly basis as properly.

    According to McDonald, The objective of Guidance is to help students and teachers in making available desirable qualifications and expertise rather than achieving the goals of educational programs. Guidance can aid a particular person solve a private, vocational, educational, or any other issue for which he is unable to find a remedy on his personal.

  • ONLINE COURSES

    Online Classes Not Fair To Aggressive College students — Karnataka Minister On Why Schools Must Open

    WhatsApp Enterprise adalah aplikasi Android tersendiri yang dapat diunduh secara free of worth, dan didesain khusus untuk pemilik bisnis kecil. Reveal your students’ creativity in re-purposing milk or juice cartons to enhance your college garden. It additionally gives stay chat for easy communication together with your students. With the assistance of the tech group, the programme supports these firms in reaching their international ambitions, creating jobs and alternatives across the UK, and provoking the following know-how of tech entrepreneurs, founders and businesses.

    Realizing that students can interpret exam questions in different ways, students at Georgia State College within the nursing program are given the chance to switch a number of alternative examination questions that they discover complicated. Teaching Kitchen Chef Emilie Berner and Sarah Cincotti, U.S. Navy Petty Officer Third Class and a scholar at the Culinary Institute of America, led the Breaking Bonds Culinary Program, whipping up fall recipes that put well being and wellness first.

    Dynamic and time-efficient online courses for individuals searching for up to date anti-corruption data. Participant lecturers reported that a cycle of STEAM lesson planning during face-to-face conferences over the summer time, implementation of the teachings within the subsequent semester, and sharing of implementation outcomes had been helpful for them in constructing confidence and improving their STEAM teaching capacity (Han et al., 2016 ).

    STEM represents science, know-how, engineering and maths. 2. From arts proponents: Engineering and technology can definitely serve the artist and assist create artwork. Test the program website or contact Online Learning at 613-727-7655 to learn how long it’s important to full your program. Multilingual Support: LearnWorlds affords technical assist in various languages.

    Textual content Challenge – Free student texts and teacher guides for teaching reading. We Are Teachers – A variety of lecturers write on quite a lot of teaching-associated matters. To create a class and add your college students merely register on the placement as a coach. Prime Time does not presently, but could sooner or later, make use of impartial contractors to design or ship persevering with schooling or trainings.

    Watch out that time on task is real studying, not busy work. Most courses are 10 weeks in duration they usually all run asynchronously – they have no reside-time meetings – so that you don’t have to be online at any particular time to take the course. On this context, it is clever to document all live class sessions and make the recordings accessible to all students in Canvas.

    Science and art built-in STEAM programs heart on music and art curriculum. Early American public schools did not embrace science as a primary function. Udemy is a web-based studying platform that includes 130,000+ video courses taught by professional instructors. College students use their voice to worship, and thru music schooling, be taught to make use of it as an expressive tool.