• Effort to undo undocumented driver’s license legislation positive aspects steam, as rich GOP donor mentioned to again it
    STEAM Initiative

    Effort to undo undocumented driver’s license legislation positive aspects steam, as rich GOP donor mentioned to again it

    State Republican Celebration Chairman Jim Lyons, who spoke with Inexperienced concerning the effort, mentioned it’s not “a secret that Rick Inexperienced is definitely a supporter of this.”

    Inexperienced, who within the 2018 cycle loaned himself $195,000 in marketing campaign funds, didn’t reply to a number of requests for remark.

    The repeal petition, which bought the authorized inexperienced gentle from the lawyer normal this week, faces a excessive hurdle and a brief runway to really get on the poll. The committee has to ship 40,120 licensed signatures to the secretary of state’s workplace by Sept. 7. Assuming they’ve sufficient licensed signatures, the query would go earlier than voters in November.

    The petition goals to undo the brand new legislation, which, come July 2023, will enable individuals with out authorized immigration standing to acquire a driver’s license by offering two paperwork that show their identification, reminiscent of a international passport and beginning certificates or a passport and a wedding certificates

    The present value for paid signature gathering, relying on the seller, ranges from $4 to $8 a signature, Rob Grey, a longtime Republican operative who ran the profitable 2020 automotive “right-to-repair” initiative, advised the Globe. The entire course of might take about three months and practically half one million {dollars}, he estimated.

    In Massachusetts, donors can provide limitless contributions to repeal campaigns, which means a rich donor like Inexperienced might considerably increase the hassle past any contribution a candidate or social gathering committee would make.

    “Cash talks once you’re attempting to get on the poll as a result of paid signature gatherers are all the time extra environment friendly and profitable than volunteers,” Grey mentioned. “If it’s $100,000 or extra, it would offer you sufficient paid signatures to get it over the brink on this very brief period of time allotted . . . Each little bit helps, however they could want lots of assist.”

    The committee backing the hassle, Truthful and Safe Massachusetts, began distributing signature sheets this week, and has scheduled occasions throughout the state by way of Thursday.

    Throughout a Wednesday information convention, Wakeman, who’s coordinating the marketing campaign, handed Diehl a big plastic field of clean petitions tied with a purple satin bow.

    Wendy Wakeman, left, introduced GOP candidate for governor Geoff Diehl, proper, with a field of unsigned petitions to repeal the legislation letting undocumented residents get driver’s licenses. Jonathan Wiggs/Globe Workers

    “I introduced alongside a gift for you,” she joked. “I anticipate you to get each a kind of signed for assessment.”

    Wakeman has additionally labored on a number of poll initiatives, together with two 2022 petitions that did not clear the signature requirement and won’t be on this yr’s poll.

    She mentioned the repeal marketing campaign will likely be completely different.

    The committee has a base of volunteers from the earlier GOP-led campaigns, she mentioned, and leaders are tapping into the slate of Republican candidates who’re already doing outreach statewide. There are additionally different teams from across the nation who’ve reached out to assist, and her publish workplace field has began to fill with “fistfuls of checks” because the initiative launched its web site earlier this month, Wakeman mentioned.

    “We’re decided we’re going to make the variety of signatures,” she mentioned. “We’re fairly optimistic about our potential to do it . . . we do have some people who find themselves very focused on making this occur.”

    Supporters Wednesday cited a current Suffolk College/Boston Globe ballot of Massachusetts residents that discovered a slender plurality of respondents — about 47 % — opposed the laws. About 46 % have been in favor, and seven % undecided.

    Earlier this month, after the Massachusetts Home voted to override Governor Charlie Baker’s veto of the Work and Household Mobility Act, Diehl reached out to Milford resident Maureen Maloney, a member of the GOP state committee, and requested her to guide a recall effort.

    In 2014, Diehl helped lead a profitable poll marketing campaign that repealed a part of a 2013 legislation that created will increase within the state gasoline tax tied to the speed of inflation.

    Maloney, whose son was killed a decade in the past by a drunk driver who was in america with out authorized standing, is chairing the committee.

    Since then, a committee has shaped to counter the hassle, and is being led by veteran progressive organizer Harris Gruman, a prime SEIU union official who has labored on poll initiatives to lift the minimal wage, give workers paid sick time, and tax the state’s highest earners.

    Samantha J. Gross may be reached at samantha.gross@globe.com. Observe her on Twitter @samanthajgross.

  • A Texas law could stop schools from teaching how these children were forced to stay in first grade for 3 years

    A Texas law could stop schools from teaching how these children were forced to stay in first grade for 3 years

    Enrique Alemán Jr., 50, has spent the past few years talking with numerous students in Texas and across the United States about how his mother and other Mexican American children in Driscoll, Texas, were treated in the 1950s by school officials who claimed they couldn’t speak or understand English.

    “I think it’s very bad for students of all races to not talk about the uncomfortable aspects of our history. And it’s especially bad for Latino youth to not understand that Texas has been a violent, racist, discriminatory place to live,” Alemán Jr. told CNN.

    Critical race theory has become a social and political lightning rod. This is how we got here

    HB3979 states that social studies teachers can’t “require” or include in their courses, the concept that “one race or sex is inherently superior to another race or sex” or the concept that “an individual, by virtue of the individual’s race or sex, is inherently racist, sexist or oppressive, whether consciously or unconsciously.”

    It also notes that “a teacher may not be compelled to discuss a particular current event or widely debated and currently controversial issue of public policy or social affairs.” Teachers, according to the bill, also can’t require or give extra credit for a student’s political activism.

    The legislation proposed by Senate Republicans, SB3, intends to extend the restrictions to all teachers, regardless of subject or grade level.

    Mexican American children sued their school and won

    In 1955, a group of children and their parents sued the Driscoll Consolidated Independent School District for placing Mexican American children in the first grade for a period of three years solely because they were of Mexican descent, according to the federal lawsuit.

    The school district in Driscoll, a town of nearly 800 people about two hours south of San Antonio, said in court that students were only placed in separate classrooms because of their lack of English proficiency. School officials said it deprived other students from teachers’ attention and instruction, and not because of their country of origin, court documents show.

    After several students appeared in court to testify that they were fluent in English, US District Judge James V. Allred ruled in 1957 that it was unreasonable to place students in separate classrooms based their race or origin.
    Lupe Alemán was a fourth generation Texan and was fluent in English when she and her sisters enrolled in first grade at a Driscoll, Texas, school.

    CNN reached out to the current superintendent and board members of the Driscoll Independent School District for comment multiple times.

    Alemán Jr. was about 10 years old when he picked up his mother’s high school yearbook and his mother shared two details of her life that, at the time, he didn’t comprehend.

    As a young girl in Driscoll, Lupe Alemán was part of a court case, and by the time she graduated high school, she was nearly 21 years old, Alemán Jr. says his mother told him.

    It was more than two decades later that Alemán Jr. realized what his mother was referring to.

    Alemán Jr. was 33 years old when he saw a documentary on TV about Hector P. Garcia, a Texas civil rights advocate who founded the American G.I. Forum, a group that helped Mexican American veterans fight discrimination. The documentary recounts Garcia’s life and activism, including how the group filed a federal lawsuit in the mid-1950s against the school district in Driscoll.
    Lupe Alemán was 20 years when she graduated high school in Bishop, Texas, her son says. She was the school's first Mexican American homecoming queen.

    “I immediately had a flashback and remembered what my mother told me,” he said.

    His mother, who was born in Driscoll, lived there until she was a young adult and would have been about 9 years old when the lawsuit was filed, Alemán Jr. said.

    But he couldn’t just pick up the phone and ask his mother about the case. His mom had died a few months before he watched the documentary, he said.

    “I was amazed and I was upset,” Alemán Jr. said, adding that his mother and two of his aunts testified in court. “I didn’t understand why nobody ever talked about it.”

    As Alemán Jr. continued his education and he focused his research on the inequities that Black and brown students face in school, he couldn’t forget about his family’s history.

    In 2012, he traveled across Texas to meet several of the children who testified along with his mother for the Hernandez v Driscoll CISD case and produced a documentary called “Stolen Education.”

    He learned that some were punished for speaking Spanish in school or had seen classmates being paddled by teachers. Some graduated high school and others dropped out of school to work or join the military, he said.

    They went on with their lives, Alemán Jr. says, but “there’s still something in them that feels like they didn’t reach their full potential because of the way that they started out.”

    Enrique Alemán Jr., center, stands next to his parents Lupe and Enrique Alemán Sr. during his 1997 graduation from Columbia University in New York City.

    There’s been a long fight for ethnic studies in Texas

    Educators and advocates say they are concerned the new law will have negative implications for the decades-long effort to make the history being taught in Texas schools more inclusive.

    More than 52% of the 5.3 million children enrolled in kindergarten to 12th grade across Texas in the last school year were Hispanic or Latino, Texas Education Agency (TEA) data shows.

    Yet, curriculum standards to teach Mexican American studies, only as an elective high school course, were only approved in 2018 after years of debate.

    Sonia Hernandez, an associate professor of history at Texas A&M University, who works with the nonprofit Refusing to Forget to shine light on the killings of Mexican Americans by Texas Rangers in the 1910s and 1920s, said she was saddened to see that an “unfounded idea” could become a set back for advocates and educators in the state.

    “Just so many years of great effort are being pushed aside because of the unfounded idea that if we talk about issues of racial inequality, if we talk about how certain groups of people were marginalized and were treated as second- class citizens — even if they were in fact US citizens — that would lead to some kind of unpatriotic history,” Hernandez said.

    “We are doing our students a disservice, we are telling them that we think they’re not intellectually equipped to understand a complex history of their own country,” she added.

    Texas Senate advances bill to restrict how race, nation's history is taught in schools
    For Tony Diaz, an author and activist, the new law and efforts around the “critical race theory” legislation echoes the sentiment behind the Arizona law that banned Mexican American studies in public schools about a decade ago.

    “Those same tendencies are back in a new form,” said Diaz, who campaigned against the ban in Arizona schools by launching Librotraficante, a caravan to take books banned under the same law to Arizona.

    The Texas law intends to intimidate teachers, Diaz says, and it will take similar “very profound grassroots campaign” to overturn it.

    Weeks before the new law goes into effect, it’s still unclear how schools will implement it. The TEA has not yet issued guidance for schools and the agency hasn’t yet responded to CNN’s request for comment.

    Angela Valenzuela, an education policy professor at the University of Texas, said the law doesn’t address how schools will implement or enforce it.

    “I think ultimately it is intended to create division at the grassroots level to empower parents that feel their children are being hurt by either teaching concepts like white supremacy, white privilege, the history of racism and slavery,” Valenzuela said.

    For Alemán Jr., who is now a Lillian Radford endowed professor of education at Trinity University and teachers classes for education leaders, the educational system in the state has in part “never wanted Latinos, African Americans and women to even know their own part” in history.

    Learning what happened to his mother and other Mexican American children in Driscoll changed the purpose of Alemán’s work. It also made him feel close to his mom even decades after she passed away.

    It’s empowering to know where you come from and that feeling, he says, it’s something he hopes more Latinos and students of color can feel while they are in school.